Croagh Patrick Summit
List of Sites
Diagram showing hut sites on Croagh Patrick summit
(After Morahan, 2001)
Traditionally hillforts more than any other monuments were believed to have had their origins in the Iron Age, but increased excavations have shown that the picture is not so clear-cut (O'Kelly, 1989). The name hillfort suggests a defensive function for these enclosures, but many are seen as being sites of ceremonial ritual, serving as a tribal rather than a familial venue. Croagh Patrick with its commanding view of the landscape offered an ideal location for a hillfort, a vantage point perhaps for the powerful to control the area's resources.
Excavated 1995. 'No wall face of the enclosure is evident today. However, its surviving remains in the form of a low collapsed pile of stones up to 0.5m high and 6m wide can be traced around the edge of the summit. A break in the enclosing wall at the western end may represent an entrance. It is likely that the summit was enclosed by this stone wall in the late Bronze Age or Iron Age. A number of small stone hut circles adjacent to the enclosure may also be of prehistoric date.' (Walsh, 1994)
- Corlett, C. 2001 Antiquities of West Mayo, Wordwell, Wicklow, pp 123-125
- Hughes, H. 1991 Croagh Patrick, an Ancient Mountain Pilgrimage, Westport.
- Morahan, L. 2001 Croagh Patrick, Co. Mayo archaeology, landscape and people, Croagh Patrick Archaeological Committee, Mayo, pp 82-83
- O'Kelly, M.J. 1995 Early Ireland, An Introduction to Irish Prehistory, Cambridge University Press, pp 309-310
- Walsh, G. 1994 Preliminary Report on the Archaeological Excavations on the Summit of Croagh Patrick, 1994, Cathair Na Mart, No 14, 1994, Journal of the Westport Historical Society, Mayo.
Check out the following sections of the website for related information:
Mayo Sites and Artefacts
1. Mayo Abbey
Mayo - Vestvågøy - Mid-Argyll
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