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Mayo - 15
Clare Island - Lecarrow - Fulacht Fiadh

Site/Artefact
Clare Island - Lecarrow- Fulacht Fiadh group

Type
Burnt Mounds

Site Number
Mayo 085 00507

National Grid Reference
070350 East
285790 North

Map ( 1:50000)
Ordnance Survey Ireland, Discovery Series 30

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Fulacht Fiadh
Fulacht Fiadh

Description
The Lecarrow group consists of seventeen and one probable fulachta fiadh situated in the eastern part of the townland of Lecarrow (Gosling, 1993). They are mounds consisting of burnt stones, mixed with black soil and charcoal found along streams, spring wells, in small peat basins and in places where the water table is close to ground level (Buckley, 1990, Lawless, 1996). Recent experiments have shown that large quantities of water could be brought to the boil in a trough using stones that were heated until red hot in a fire to cook large quantities of meat (Brindley, 1990, Lawless, 1995). After a number of burnings the collection of discarded shattered stones would form kidney-shaped mounds which are the turf covered mounds we see today. The exact function of fulachta fiadh is unknown but whether the correct interpretation is a place for cooking or indeed a place to bathe remains an important feature of research (Barfield, 1991).

Indeed, many more uses have been put forward including textile processing, leather working and brewing (Ó Drisceoil, 1988). According to some local traditions they were used by Vikings to brew beer from heather (Corlett, 2000). Fulachta Fiadh have yielded very few artefacts (Cherry, 1990). Radiocarbon dates from a number of sites in Britain and Ireland fall generally in the middle Bronze Age (Brindley, 1990). However their use up to medieval times is explained by the discovery of rotary querns in the body of some fulachta fiadh (Morahan, 2001).

Excavation Details
Not Available

Access/Ownership
Clew Bay Archaeological Trail

References

Mayo Sites and Artefacts

1. Mayo Abbey
2. Balla
3. Ballintubber Abbey
4. Tóchar Phadraig
5. Aghagower
6. Lankhill
7. Boheh
8. Croagh Patrick Summit
9. Carrownalurgan
10. Ardoley
11. Kiladangan
12. Glaspatrick
13. Shrawee
14. Clare Island - Strake
15. Clare Island - Lecarrow
16. Caher Island
17. Durless

18. Carrowmore
19. Knappaghmanagh
20. Cushalogurt
21. Carrowkeel Ecclesiastical Remains
22. Thornhill
23. Carrowkeel Murrisk
24. Carrowkeel Cahernaran
25. Carrowmacloughlin Cairn-1
26. Carrowmacloughlin Cairn-2
27. Carrowmacloughlin Cairn-3
28. Carrowmacloughlin/ Glencally/ Teevenacroaghy
29. Carrowmacloughlin Sweathouses
30. Glaspatrick Holy Well

31. Glaspatrick Rath-1
32. Glaspatrick Early Ecclesiastical Remains
33. Glaspatrick Ringfort
34. Glaspatrick Rath-2
35. Glaspatrick Ecclesiatical Remains
36. Glaspatrick Altar
38. Glaspatrick Graveyard
39. Murrisk Demesne Standing Stone-1
40. Murrisk Demesne Standing Stone-2
41. Murrisk Demesne Standing Stone-3
42. Teevenacroaghy

 

Mayo - Vestvågøy - Mid-Argyll

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