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Mayo - 17
Durless

Site/Artefact
Durless

Type
Cashel & Souterrain

Site Number
Mayo 096 01901 & 01902

National Grid Reference
087540 East
277860 North

Map ( 1:50000)
Ordnance Survey Ireland, Discovery Series, 37

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Photos: Liam Murphy

Description
A souterrain with dry stone walling occurs within a stone cashel at Durless (Corlett, 2000). Durless translates as strong fort (Morahan, 2001). The nearly circular univallate cashel with later stone work on top has internal diameters of 20m. The construction, where visible, is of small irregular schist flags (Morahan, 2001). These cashels are derivatives of the local geology where the ringfort is constructed using stone rather than earth for the embankment.

The souterrain is 7.3m long and runs beneath and outside the NW area of the cashel wall. The word souterrain is French in origin, sous (under) and terrain (ground). They can be referred to locally as 'caves' and are denoted in Gaelic with uaimh and óin (Clinton, 2001). These chambers were often designed with ventilation shafts and elaborate obstruction features where the occupants of the cashel could find temporary refuge during a raid (Edwards, 1996). In more stable times they would perhaps be used as places of storage for food. (Barry, 1994)

Excavation Details
Not Available

Access/Ownership
Private

References

Mayo Sites and Artefacts

1. Mayo Abbey
2. Balla
3. Ballintubber Abbey
4. Tóchar Phadraig
5. Aghagower
6. Lankhill
7. Boheh
8. Croagh Patrick Summit
9. Carrownalurgan
10. Ardoley
11. Kiladangan
12. Glaspatrick
13. Shrawee
14. Clare Island - Strake
15. Clare Island - Lecarrow
16. Caher Island
17. Durless

18. Carrowmore
19. Knappaghmanagh
20. Cushalogurt
21. Carrowkeel Ecclesiastical Remains
22. Thornhill
23. Carrowkeel Murrisk
24. Carrowkeel Cahernaran
25. Carrowmacloughlin Cairn-1
26. Carrowmacloughlin Cairn-2
27. Carrowmacloughlin Cairn-3
28. Carrowmacloughlin/ Glencally/ Teevenacroaghy
29. Carrowmacloughlin Sweathouses
30. Glaspatrick Holy Well

31. Glaspatrick Rath-1
32. Glaspatrick Early Ecclesiastical Remains
33. Glaspatrick Ringfort
34. Glaspatrick Rath-2
35. Glaspatrick Ecclesiatical Remains
36. Glaspatrick Altar
38. Glaspatrick Graveyard
39. Murrisk Demesne Standing Stone-1
40. Murrisk Demesne Standing Stone-2
41. Murrisk Demesne Standing Stone-3
42. Teevenacroaghy

 

Mayo - Vestvågøy - Mid-Argyll

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