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Vestvågøy - 1
Borg

Site/Artefact
Borg

Type
The area contains a number of house-dwellings, grave-mounds, boathouse-dwellings and charcoal-pits.

Site Number
gnr 93

UTM Grid Reference
448655 East
7570663 North

Map ( 1:50000)
Topografisk Hovedkartserie - M711 No 1031 II

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The reconstructed chieftains house in wintertime
(Photo: Vebjørn Storeide)

Excavations at Borg

Discovery of prehistoric pottery in situ

(Photos: Lofotr, the Viking Museum)

Description
The Borg area became the focus for extended archaeological surveys and excavations after a local farmer's discoveries during ploughing in 1981. Large-scale excavations went on from 1986 to 1989.

The excavations resulted in evidence of settlement from 200 AD to 1300 AD with imported material from southern Europe being found. All together, the results of the excavations are interpreted as evidence of a possible chieftain's seat from the Iron Age period. From the heights, the view is exceptional both to the sea and over the agricultural areas.

The main excavations went on in the area we now call "The Sacred Heights". A very large building (Borg I), 83 m long was completely excavated, together with a nearby smaller building (Borg II), while other traces of settlement (Borg III and IV) were revealed through smaller excavations and trenches.

Borg I-III has probably been settled continuously from 200 AD up to the 14th century, while it seems that Borg IV can be traced to the 18th century.

The discovery of the settlement at Borg has revealed information about building-traditions during the Iron Age in Northern Norway, and also on the "transition period", the religious change from heathen to Christianity. At the same time, a large amount of artefacts has provided us with information about society and everyday life through a long period of time. The artefacts are evidence of extended traditions of handcraft, as well as the organisation of everyday life. Imported material has challenged traditional theories of contact, and the recovery of 5 unique gold foil figures illustrates the religious aspect of Iron Age society.

The Sacred Heights have been settled for almost 2000 years, a period with continuous changes in social structure and religion. The recovery of the remains of the largest building ever found within Europe from this period shows us that the inhabitants of Lofoten were part of a chiefdom-system where services and trading-objects were exchanged regionally and internationally.

Excavation Details
Not Available

Access/Ownership
Public admission is available on payment of an entrance-fee. The museum-area is accessed by pathways with signposts. Cultural heritage sites outside of this area are private.

References

Check out the following sections of the website for related information:

Vestvågøy Sites and Artefacts

1. Borg
2. Buksnesfjorden
3. Bøstad
4. Eggum
5. Einangen
6. Eltoft
7. Holsneset
8. Holsøya
9. Kvalnes
10. Moland
11. Nykmark
12. Skjerpen
13. Trollsteinen
14. Uttakleiv
15. Vendalsjord
16. The Stone Crosses
17. Malnes
18. Borg Burial Mounds
19. Borg Burial Mounds
20. Borg Roman House Site
21. Borg House Remains I:Ia
23. Borg I:Ib
24. Borg House Remains
25. Borg - Midden

26. Borg House Site
27. Borg House Sites
28. Borg Farm Ruins
29. Borg Medieval Sites
30. Borg Burial Mounds
31. Borg Possible Settlement
32. Borg Medieval House Site
33. Borg Boat Houses
34. Burial Mound
35. Burial Mound
36. Borg Burial Mound
37. Borg Modern Church
38. Bøstad Burial Cairn
39. Bøstad Removed Burials
40. Bøstad - Courtyard
41. Boat House and Burial
42. Bøstad House Sites
43. Bøstad Farm Mound
44. Rystad Boat Houses
45. Rystad Burial Mound
46. Burial and Farm Mound
47. Rystad Burial Mound
48. Rystad - Burials
49. Rystad Burial Cairn
50. Handberg Charcoal-Pits

51. Handberg Farm Mound
52. Handberg Charcoal Pit - 1
53. Handberg Charcoal Pit -2
54. Handberg Charcoal Pit - 3
55. Handberg Charcoal Pit - 4
56. Handberg Charcoal Pits
57. Handberg Charcoal Pit
58. Vendalsjord
59. Lie Burial Mound
60. Lie Boat House
61. Lie
62. Løvdal
63. Borgfjord Indre
64. Sletteng
65. Borgfjord Ytre
66. Ytre Borgfjord - Burial
67. Borgfjord Ytre
68. Ytre Borgfjord
69. Borgfjord Ytre
70. Hagvåg Boat House
71. Hagvåg Burial Mound
72. Hagvåg Bridge Construction
73. Evjen Farm Mound

 

Mayo - Vestvågøy - Mid-Argyll

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